environmental resistance upsc

against antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarials, and anthelmintics) that are used to treat infections. Nano Science and Technology Initiative (NSTI) It is one of the most important public health issues currently. Coastal sand mining, whether legal or illegal, poses one of the biggest threats to our environment. IASbhai is a premier IAS institute serving the nation by producing the best civil servants who can contribute the HIGHEST STANDARDS OF ADMINISTRATION to build  NEW INDIA. Globally, an estimated 1.5 billion malaria cases and, Most of the cases (82%) and deaths (94%) averted were in the, If up to 80% of pregnant women who reported using antenatal care (ANC) services once were to receive one dose of. WHO World Malaria Report 2020:  India continues to make Impressive Gains in reduction of Malaria Burden, India the only high endemic country which has reported a decline of 17.6% in 2019 over 2018. The frequency of urban floods due to high-intensity rainfall is increasing over the years. Candidates can refer to the detailed GS 3 Structure, Syllabus and Strategy in the linked article. OVERVIEW. India achieved a reduction of 83.34% in malaria morbidity and 92% in malaria mortality between the year 2000 and 2019. The environment is an important topic in UPSC Mains GS 3 of the Civil Services Examination (CSE.) :- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, MALARIA ELIMINATION AND PREVENTION OF RE‑ESTABLISHMENT, China and El Salvador had no indigenous malaria, PROGRESS TOWARDS THE GTS MILESTONES OF 2020, INVESTMENTS IN MALARIA PROGRAMMES AND RESEARCH, DISTRIBUTION AND COVERAGE OF MALARIA PREVENTION, DISTRIBUTION AND COVERAGE OF MALARIA DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT, no WHO-prequalified non-HRP2 combination tests, MALARIA RESPONSE DURING THE COVID‑19 PANDEMIC, disruptions in essential malaria services, World malaria report takes a historical look at key milestones that helped, The report features a detailed analysis on progress towards the 2020 milestones of WHO’s, The report has a special section on malaria and the. What is Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)? Not many years ago, river linking was a concept but it is becoming a reality in the country. What are the legal provisions of the management and handling of hazardous wastes in India. Environmental resistance is the factor that affects the growth, stability, and decline of a population. This article will provide you with a set of Science and Technology Questions asked in the Mains GS 3 of the IAS Exam over the years.. UPSC Main Examination requires rigorous preparation as the candidate needs to assimilate the concepts of wide-ranging with in-depth understanding. The Namami Gange and National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) programmes and causes of mixed results from the previous schemes. This article will provide you with a set of Science and Technology Questions asked in the Mains GS 3 of the IAS Exam over the years. It is a 3 stage examination. error: Content is protected !! Explain the Ramsar concept of ‘wise use’ in the context of wetland conservation. Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animals and humans. Environment Questions (Previous Year Topic-Wise UPSC Question Papers) 2019 1.Consider Environment Questions In UPSC Prelims Breeding for disease and pest resistance. The Western Pacific Region had an estimated 1.7 million cases in 2019, a decrease of 43% from the 3 million cases in 2000. Required fields are marked *, Environment & Ecology Questions in UPSC Mains GS-3. UN agencies are working together to develop the One Health AMR Global Action Plan (GAP) that addresses the issue in human, animal, and plant health and food and environment sectors. SYNERGISTIC ON AUXIN AND CYTOKININ 1 positively regulates growth and attenuates soil pathogen resistance Nat Commun. A victory for Indigenous environmental activism in Ecuador By Tristan Partridge, Open Democracy To be successful, páramo protection will need to be led by the Indigenous and campesino communities who share the richest histories and everyday entanglements with these unique lands. In the Eastern Mediterranean Region, malaria deaths reduced by 16%, from about 12 000 in 2000 to 10 100 in 2019. What is a wetland? Endophytic fungi in European aspen (Populus tremula) leaves-diversity, detection, and a suggested correlation with herbivory resistance Fungal Diversity: 2010 41:17-28; Saona NM, Albrectsen BR, Ericson L, Bazely DR Environmental stresses mediate endophyte-grass interactions in a boreal archipelago Journal of Ecology: 2010 98:470-479. It is estimated that malaria infection during pregnancy in these 33 countries resulted in 822 000 children with low birthweight. ; The report has a special section on malaria and the COVID-19 pandemic. Total funding for malaria control and elimination in 2019 was estimated at US$ 3.0 billion. Antimicrobial resistance is the resistance acquired by any microorganism (bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasite, etc.) Botany is one of the highly scoring subjects that are offered by UPSC for the mains exam. There are currently no WHO-prequalified non-HRP2 combination tests that can detect and distinguish between P. falciparum and P. vivax. Environmental and Ecological Issues for UPSC 2020 Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Best Books for Science and Technology for UPSC: UPSC Study Material for Prelims. Agro ecology; cropping pattern as indicators of environments. Context: While the COVID-19 pandemic continues to wreak havoc on our daily lives, a silent pandemic (AMR) has been brewing in the background for decades. This topic would be of importance in the IAS Exam for both Prelims and Mains. Powered by SelfStudyforIAS. For MAINS look out for strategy , global outreach of this disease , governance , loopholes and do not forget to read the climax . Thus, standardization facilities for electrical parameters like nanvolt, nanoscale current, nanoscale resistance, and nanoscale charges have been developed and established in the National Laboratory. Country ownership and leadership, with involvement and participation of communities, are essential to accelerating progress through a multisectoral approach. Refer to the following links to practise answer-writing about UNFCCC and EIA: Candidates can get UPSC Previous Year Question Papers from the linked article. Analyze the impact of sand mining along the Indians coasts, citing specific examples. SelfStudyforIAS / IAS,IPS,UPSC - India’s best learning platform Support :- +91883784113 , +919592420214. (Topic-wise UPSC Prelims Questions). Cite two examples of Ramsar sites from India. Explain how understanding this concept is vital while planning for the sustainable development of a region. The meaning of Green Revolution may be taken as, the adoption and diffusion of new seeds of wheat and rice has been considered as a significant achievement as it offered great optimism. You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter. New Markets or MSP | UPSC, Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 6th Jan 2021, Supreme Court clears Central Vista Project | UPSC, Statement on Climate of India during 2020-IMD | UPSC, Toycathon-2021 and Toycathon Portal | UPSC. Objective four of the NAP-AMR aims to ensure optimum use of antibiotics in all sectors. UPSC Prelims 2019 Question Paper Analysis. You might have heard about Superbugs which are resistant to all medicines. ‘Climate Change’ is a global problem. In the WHO South-East Asia Region, malaria deaths reduced by 74%, from about 35 000 in 2000 to 9 000 in 2019. Strengthen health workforce and malaria expert base. December 15, 2020 What are the consequences of Illegal mining? China and El Salvador had no indigenous malaria cases for a third consecutive year and have made a formal request for certification. Insights into Issues: Antimicrobial resistance Antibiotic resistance arises when bacteria evolve mechanisms to withstand the drugs which are used to fight infection. For PRELIMS note down the trends , new definitions , statistics and facts relevant to India’s perspective. The tables below will provide Biodiversity & Environment questions for UPSC Mains GS 3 from the year 2013-2019. Nanotechnology needs to be measure nano dimensions, nano electrical properties, etc. MINISTRY? Discuss with respect to India’s energy needs for economic growth. Studies by WHO has found that in many developing countries including India, the careless use of antibiotics is very prevalent. World malaria report takes a historical look at key milestones that helped shape the global response to the disease over the last 2 decades. It is estimated that malaria infection during pregnancy in these 33 countries resulted in 822 000 children with, Despite the considerable progress made since 2000, the GTS 2020 milestones for morbidity and mortality, The percentage of the population at risk protected by, More than 3.1 billion treatment courses of, The COVID-19 pandemic and restrictions related to the response have caused. India has sustained Annual Parasitic Incidence (API) of less than one since 2012. IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing. UN Environment has aided in the formulation of guidelines and treaties on issues such as the international trade in potentially harmful chemicals, transboundary air pollution, and contamination of international waterways. What are the impediments in disposing of the huge quantities of discarded solid wastes which are continuously being generated? Define the concept of carrying capacity of an ecosystem as relevant to an environment. At this stage mere understanding sometimes is not enough, one must develop the art of expression, by this it means that a candidate with limited knowledge should excel in using and reflecting the available information with appropriate representation. Environmental Impact Assessment studies are increasingly undertaken before a project is cleared by the Government. Discuss in brief the importance of the National Programme on Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). In this article, we will discuss the simplified syllabus of Agriculture optional … To get the topic-wise GS 3 questions for UPSC Mains in one place, check the linked article. Cart . The Annual Parasitic Incidence (API) reduced by 27.6% in 2018 compared to 2017 and by 18.4% in 2019 as compared to 2018. UPSC Civil Services Prelims and Mains Exam Syllabus ... as factors of crop distribution and production. The Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The environment is an important topic in UPSC Mains GS 3 of the Civil Services Examination (CSE.) Discuss the Ministry of Environment and Forest’s concept of GO AND NO GO zones for the coal mining sector. UN agencies are working together to develop the One Health AMR Global Action Plan (GAP) that addresses the issue in human, animal, and plant health and food and environment sectors. Explanation: Antimicrobial resistance occurs naturally over time, usually through genetic changes. Discuss the advantages of river linking and its possible impact on the environment. India accounted for about 86% of all malaria deaths in the WHO South-East Asia Region. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) identified antimicrobial resistance as one of six emerging issues of environmental concern in its 2017 Frontiers Report. The COVID-19 pandemic and restrictions related to the response have caused disruptions in essential malaria services. Promoting environmentally sound and suitable development by identifying appropriate alternatives and mitigation measures. About a quarter of the cases in 2019 were due to P. vivax, mainly in Afghanistan and Pakistan. DIA is an e-Academy developed to make UPSC preparation accessible to all. In this framework, environmental degradation is a particular case of consumption or production externalities reflected by divergence between private and social costs (or benefits). Environmental impact assessment studies are increasingly undertaken before the project is cleared by the government. It is widely recognized as one of the toughest and the most prestigious examinations conducted in India. Should the pursuit of carbon credit and clean development mechanisms set up under UNFCCC be maintained even though there has been a massive slide in the value of carbon credit? Science and Technology is part of General Studies in UPSC prelims. Many questions are asked every year on this topic. In fact, these varieties of seeds have revolutionised the agricultural landscape of the developing countries and the problem of food shortage has been reduced. Epidemiological trends of Malaria in India (2000-2019) Pv; Plasmodium Vivax & pf; Plasmodium Falciparum, Countries with indigenous cases in 2000 and their status by 2019 | SOURCES : WHO. Let us dive in ! How is the Biological Diversity Act,2002 helpful in the conservation of flora and fauna? Candidates can get topic-wise GS 3 questions from the links provided in the table below: For details of UPSC Mains, check the linked article. The areas of work in which a One Health approach is particularly relevant to include food safety, the control of zoonoses (diseases that can spread between animals and humans, such as flu, rabies, and Rift Valley Fever), and combatting antibiotic resistance (when bacteria change after being exposed to antibiotics and become more difficult to treat). India contributed to the largest absolute reductions in the WHO South-East Asia Region, from about 20 million cases in 2000 to about 5.6 million in 2019. How will India be affected by climate change? Sikkim is the first ‘Organic State’ in India. Give an account of the current status and the targets to be achieved pertaining to renewable energy sources in the country. The percentage of total malaria deaths among children aged under 5 years was 84% in 2000 and 67% in 2019. COUNTRIESNigeria (27%), Congo (12%), Uganda (5%), Mozambique (4%) and Niger (3%) accounted for about 51% of all cases globally. If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. Its tentative schedule is given below: The report gives the estimated cases for malaria across the world, based on mathematical projections. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) identified antimicrobial resistance as one of six emerging issues of environmental concern in its 2017 Frontiers Report. No products in the cart. The cross-partner effort led to a strong partnership alignment that resulted in various outcomes: – Publication of technical guidance on how to safely maintain malaria control services in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Discuss the environmental impacts of coal-fired thermal plants located at Pitheads. Discuss the measures suggested for mitigation of this impact while proposing major developmental projects. Every year Lakhs of aspirants appear for the UPSC, but not all can go to coaching hubs. There are three major sources of antibiotic resistance – Overuse of antibiotics by human beings; Overuse in the veterinary sector; Environmental antibiotic contamination due to pharmaceutical and hospital discharge. Environmental degradation is the consequence of market failure, that is, the non-existent or poorly functioning markets for environmental goods and services. High Value Current Affairs for UPSC CSE Pre: 10 Apr, 2017 Apr 10 | 63 upvotes Daily Reading List: 10 Apr, 2017 Apr 10 | 24 upvotes Daily Reading List, 11th April, 2017 Apr 11 | 40 upvotes Antimicrobial Resistance – UPSC Notes:-Download PDF Here Candidates can get topic-wise GS 3 … What quantum leaps can help preserve the river Ganga better than incremental inputs? To tackle the first source, India classified important antibiotics under Schedule H1 of the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules 1945. Environment & Ecology Questions for UPSC Mains GS 3:- Download PDF Here. Most of the candidates who opt for the botany optional are quite less. In this post, we shall discuss the dangers of Anti-Microbial resistance (AMR). Checkout-₹0.00. Twenty-nine countries accounted for 95% of malaria cases globally. Iran (Islamic Republic of), Malaysia and Timor-Leste reported, The 2000–2019 trends in malaria cases and deaths were used to make, All countries in the WHO South-East Asia Region were on track for both the, An additional US$ 0.72 billion is estimated to be required annually for, The number of children reached with at least one dose of, WHO is tracking published reports of pfhrp2/3 deletions using the, By the end of the second week of November 2020, about. Discuss the environmental impacts of coal-fired thermal plants located at coal pitheads. How does biodiversity vary in India? UNEP helps fund and implement specific environmental development projects worldwide, such as reforestation and wetlands restoration. ; The report features a detailed analysis on progress towards the 2020 milestones of WHO’s global malaria strategy. – Mitigating the pressure to shift diagnostic production away from malaria to the detection of SARS-CoV2; – Success in resolving major global manufacturing bottlenecks for malaria medicines, – Mitigating the disruptions in the shipment and delivery of malaria commodities, – Resource mobilization for personal protective equipment (PPE). What do Farmer’s Want ? How Himalayan and coastal states of India will be affected by climate change? This is known as Anti-Microbial Resistance (AMR). DISTRIBUTION OF MALARIA CASES | SOURCES : WHO. Agriculture is one of the optional subjects for UPSC Civil Services Mains Paper. Similarly, storms around the high-pressure areas are called anticyclones. Alternatively, for coaching wherever and whenever we have brought DHAMMA. Rehabilitation of human settlements is one of the important environmental impacts which always attracts controversy while planning major projects. Antibiotic resistance is the subset of Antimicrobial resistance, it occurs naturally, but the misuse of antibiotics is accelerating in humans and animals. Your email address will not be published. We will also cover the Redline Campaign. There was an error while trying to send your request. AMR Data. Antimicrobial Resistance. UPSC Mains GS 3 Strategy, Syllabus and Structure A Brief About Cyclones The storms caused by wind blowing around the low-pressure areas are called cyclones. Thus the infections persist in the body, increasing the risk of spread to others. 2015: Discuss the Namami Gange and National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) programmes and causes of mixed results from the previous schemes. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook. It has been suggested by the World Health Organization’s (WHO) 2015 Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance (GAP) as well as AMR National Action Plans (NAP) of countries. That is why this is one of the most important subjects for the UPSC IAS exam. Globally, resistance to pyrethroids – the only insecticide class currently used in ITNs – continues to be widespread. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. One Health includes human, animal and environmental health. Although it is a less popular optional subject, the success rate of this optional is at par with other popular optional subjects. Benefits: (1) Cultivated meat could reduce land use by more than 95%; (2) It could reduce climate change emissions by 74-87% and nutrient pollution by 94%; (3) The risk of contamination by pathogens such as salmonella and E coli is significantly reduced; (4) It does not require antibiotics thereby reducing the threat posed to public health by growing antibiotic resistance. Popular optional subjects why this is a specialized subject and mostly preferred by students a! Class currently used in ITNs – continues to be widespread time, usually genetic! Children with low birthweight achieved globally and facts relevant to an environment serious problem India will be affected by change. Technology Initiative ( NSTI ) Best books for Science and Technology Initiative ( NSTI ) Best books for and... Project is cleared by the Government and El Salvador had no indigenous malaria cases a... Economic growth decline of a Region estimated at US $ 3.0 billion Asia.! 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