milkweed bast fiber

The seed fluff is supposed to be spinnable as well, and was also collected during WW2 as a filler for life jackets. Showing page 1. Paper made from fiber harvested in the spring may look different from paper made from the same fiber harvested in the fall. The mechanical behavior of milkweed-epoxy composites is studied. Nettle Urtica dioica), belonging to the group of bast fiber crops, has a tendency to accumulate Pb and therefore may be used in phytoremediation of polluted soils (Dimitrijević et al., 2016). Most spinners have wild plants—natives, invasives, or maybe both—growing in their region that can be processed into spinnable bast fibers.Depending on your climate, you might have plants such as nettle, flax, mulberry, milkweed, linden, or Caesar weed growing nearby. Plants that have been used for bast fibre include flax (from which linen is made), hemp, jute, kenaf, kudzu, linden, milkweed, nettle, okra, paper mulberry, ramie, and roselle hemp. The sizes of the stalks and the fiber yields from each stalk are similar to those of some hemp. The plant had many medicinal uses as well. C. Minor types: Brush and broom fibers (broomstraw) Plaiting and weaving fibers, not single cells (palm leaves, grain straw, papyrus, bamboo) Filling fibers (kapok, milkweed, cattails) Felting fibers (paper mulberry, lace bark) III. Nettle grows wild in wet areas, often by rivers and lakesides. Most fibers can be harvested during more than one season. If you read this in January and the weather where you are brings snow and ice, you may wonder why my topic relates to natural fibers. Above right, dogbane plants (Photo via Wikipedia). Commercially important plant fibers. The most important components of fibres are cellulose (77%), pectin (1.4%) and waxes (1.4%). Soft or bast fibers are found in the phloem (inner bark) of dicotyledonous stems (flax for linen; jute; hemp; ramie). This common plant (Asclepias speciosa) provides the willing papermaker with a ready source of bast fiber. During World War II, the seed hairs, being rather springy, light and waterproof, were used to replace kapok in life jackets. LINDEN. Flowers are reported to be a source of sugar and have been used, with sugar and lemon, to make wine. Example sentences with "milkweed fiber", translation memory. The common milkweed has also been explored for its commercial opportunities and use of its bast (inner bark) fiber which is both strong and soft. I experimented with drawing handcards through the dried fiber and found that the process broke some of the longer fibers into consistent sizes, a couple of inches long, which were perfect for handcarding. 64 likes. Fibers from hemp, flax, dogbane, milkweed and nettle have been used for thousands of years to produce textiles, cordage, netting, etc. (Photos by Nicholas Wenner, left, and Paige Green, right). Two types of fiber are obtainable, the long, quite strong but brittle bast fiber and the seed hairs. Seam Siren produces clothing from Himalayan nettle (Girardinia diversifolia) in partnership with Nepalese producers and shared perspectives on these efforts at the Fibershed 2017 Wool and Fine Fiber Symposium. As the fashion industry grapples with its environmental impact, new materials are coming forward all … While shorter than fibers from flax and hemp, the dogbane fibers had sufficient length to be spun on cotton equipment. Hi Ryan! Kenaf fibers were supplied by Bast Fibers LLC (Cresskill, NJ). And I love to process it in Winter. soda ash, 20%of fiber's dry weight Until it begins to blend easily Blend DJ (Michigan) Harvest after the leaves have gracilis), hoary nettle can grow very tall, commonly reaching above 8 feet. Fire was used historically as a tending strategy by indigenous people to clear brush and promote the growth of dogbane, but recent fire regulations and nearby developments have made it difficult to maintain this practice. As Manager ofCorporate Ventures for Standard Oil, I was in charge of starting up newbusinesses and was asked to take a look at the milkweed opportunity. Purple milkweed is used as a contraceptive and an abortifacient. You can make rope or natural cordage (rope and string) from many different fibers including (Bast) Dogbane, Milkweed, Nettles, Hemp, and straw. The use of floss as an emergency material during World War II es­ tablished the plant's potential value (8). The mechanical behavior of milkweed-epoxy composites is studied. I read The End of Growth about 5 years ago and it has shaped my thinking ever since. The fibers are too brittle for spinning but are used in life jackets, in upholstery, and as insulation material. Similar to flax, dogbane stalks have relatively few and relatively small leaf nodes, which supports the production of long, continuous fibers. The fibers we processed were finer than those of hemp and similar to those of flax. The U.S. Department of Agriculture conducted studies in the 1890s and 1940s that found that Milkweed has more potential for commercial processing than any other indigenous bast fiber plant. While most of the rope we make today uses other plants or artificial fibers, many Native American groups used milkweed to make rope and string. Most milkweed plants are toxic for human consumption due to these defenses, although some milkweed species may be made edible if properly processed. A friend of mine has clay soil and has tried to grow milkweed a number of times without much success. The texture is much like hemp, rather than, Companion Planting Guide by World Permaculture Association, current server time (not your local time) is, http://inconsequentialblogger.blogspot.com/2014/04/processing-spinning-and-knitting.html?m=1, https://www.jstor.org/stable/4251941?seq=1, http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Asclepias+syriaca, Sources for Flax/Linen Processing Equipment, We have Monarch butterflies and caterpillars: Creating a Monarch Habitat. Hemp is the bast fibre obtained from stems of Cannabis sativa L plants. Sculpted Light. US$ 39.95. Bast fibre (also called phloem fibre or skin fibre) is plant fibre collected from the phloem (the "inner bark", sometimes called "skin") or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants.It supports the conductive cells of the phloem and provides strength to the stem. Milkweed floss fibre from advanced agricultural production has the ability to compete in nonwoven applications, especially in filtration, absorbent products and thermal and sound insulation products. The floss extremely buoyant and more insulating than goose down. bast Accession Number 7/4/91AE 25.8.1-5.1.8-**1 7/10/91(O)023#1 Title Swamp milkweed, hammer stem, peel fiber Processing treatment hammer and peel Image Identification information SM-008-07-30-09-POL-400X-PM-1-9-overall fibers Image capture digital Date of image capture 07/30/09 Microscopist L. Crawford Microscope Zeiss Axioplan Mounting agent and RI Permount RI: 1.515 Microscopic … Milkweed BastRemove bast before cooking: Pull the plant out by its roots and chop off roots. Buoyant and insulative floss: The white silky floss is not only good for carrying seeds in the wind. The common milkweed has also been explored for its commercial opportunities and use of its bast (inner bark) fiber which is both strong and soft. In a rare silver lining to recent fires in the region, the patch burned in 2017 as part of the Tubbs Fire, and those tending the patch now report vigorous and healthy growth, partly due to the reduction of invasive Himalayan blackberry and Harding grass. For our region, we envision an integrated system that could make use of multiple types of bast fiber plants. Metrics details. To process each plant, we decorticated the stalks by hand to separate the outer raw fiber from the inner woody core, then degummed the raw fiber using heat and a solution of water and alkali to remove lignin and other binding substances, and washed, dried, and carded the fiber into clean, spinnable fiber. Dogbane grows in moist, open habitats throughout North America, and it has served as a major fiber plant for Native American peoples for thousands of years. bast fibers of flax (Linum usitatissirnum), hemp (Cannabis sativa), jute (Chorchorus capsularis), and ramie (Boehmeria nivea). Asclepias syriaca, commonly called common milkweed, butterfly flower, silkweed, silky swallow-wort, and Virginia silkweed, is a species of flowering plant.It is in the genus Asclepias, the milkweeds.It is native to southern Canada and much of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains, excluding the drier parts of the prairies. In textiles, the fibers provide strength and many other unique properties. In addition to bast fiber, milkweed produces a cotton-like fiber from its seeds known as floss. Researchers have also found bast fibers—likely nettle—at sites in the Czech Republic from around 32,000 years ago. Above left, Edward Willie, a native Pomo, Walaeki, and Wintu teacher, visits a patch in Sonoma County that has been tended continuously by indigenous peoples for thousands of years. Whence, also, a person’s desires, whether good or evil, are stirred up through it... -Hildegard of Bingen, Physica. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. This gap has triggered the scope for the present study which demonstrates raw and alkali treated Milkweed bast fiber and its potentiality for reinforcements in composites. This gap has triggered the scope for the present study which demonstrates raw and alkali treated Milkweed bast fiber and its potentiality for reinforcements in composites. Bast fibers have a long relationship with humans: the earliest known fibers used by humans include wild flax fibers from 34,000 years ago found in a cave in the country of Georgia. The bast fibers of some species can be used for rope. Fiber characterization showed its tensile strength, and the cellulose content was equivalent to or even better than other bast fibers. Dogbane in particular showed a promising balance of very fine fibers with relatively long fiber lengths. During WWII, American children were enlisted to collect thousands of pounds of milkweed floss to stuff life jackets for soldiers. Composition. Many species of milkweed grow in a variety of habitats throughout North America. While the bast fibers were quite short—seldom reaching more than one inch long—they were extremely fine, similar to those of dogbane. Read on for more details about the habitat, history, uses, and fiber qualities of each native fiber plant. That being said, some level of retting and degumming will likely be necessary for most textile purposes. The fragrant flowers are used in herbal teas. bast fiber from the milkweed plant (Asclepias syriaca and Asclepias incarnata) fibre végétale produite par l'asclépiade ... stemming. Building a world of resilient communities, reduction of invasive Himalayan blackberry and Harding grass, Building resilient food and farming systems, Saving Farmland, Supporting Young Farmers, Have yourself a merry little agrarian populist Christmas, Independent thinking: Why local businesses need our support this Christmas, Agroecology or Collapse Part III – Reclaiming the ‘archaic’, ‘anarchic’, and ‘utopian’ as the language of food system transformation, Bill Vitek: In Pursuit of Better Agriculture (and a Better Society), Rekindling Family Farming at Owl Oak Acres, Robert Kaulfuss, 3 Maps Show How We Can Unlock Local Clothing Industries, Benefitting Climate & Communities: How Clothing Cooperatives Could Grow Equitable Regional Economies, Flax in West Coast Fibersheds: Updates from Field to Mill, Weaving Hemp into the Northern California Fibershed. American Associ ation of Textile Chem ists and Colorists, “AATCC. Bast fiber processing systems built around hemp or flax may also support the development and processing of other bast fibers. The nettle fiber we processed came from a subspecies of nettle known as hoary nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. The U.S. Department of Agriculture conducted studies in the 1890s and 1940s that found that Milkweed has more potential for commercial processing than any other indigenous bast fiber plant. All three plants have value as perennial crops that grow well in local climates. Milkweed oil from the seeds can be easily converted into cinnamic acid, which is a very potent sunscreen when used at a 1-5% concentration. We processed fiber for the Bast Fiber Exhibit from narrowleaf milkweed grown at a site in Merced County, where Bowles Farming Company is working to bring an abundance of milkweed and other native seeds to restoration projects in the San Joaquin Valley (read more on our blog). Other specimens of narrowleaf milkweed or other species of milkweed might provide longer fibers, and the plants may serve as a source of fine bast fibers that would be suitable for spinning in short staple cotton systems, particularly in blends with cotton. It does need cold stratification in order to germinate. Europeans gave the Latin name Apocynum cannabinum to the plant because of the similarity between its fiber and that of hemp (Cannabis sativa). Hemp and flax are the most well-known bast fibers, followed perhaps by ramie, a nettle-like plant native to eastern Asia used for coarse fabrics and rope. At least 19 species grow in California, including narrow-leaf milkweed (Asclepias fascicularis), which can be found in dry, open areas throughout the state, and showy milkweed (Asclepias speciosa), which grows in more mountainous, wetter areas. As the fashion industry grapples with its environmental impact, new materials are coming forward all the time, each proposing to be a sustainable solution. In addition to bast fiber, milkweed produces a cotton-like fiber from its seeds known as floss. Among the latter the giant milkweed (A sclepias Pull bast off of the inner core Soak overnight. In addition to its long-recognized medicinal qualities, milkweed has been used as a fiber source. As a source of bast fibers, floss fiber, and habitat, milkweed stands alongside hemp, flax, dogbane, and nettle as a valuable resource for our bioregion. (Photo on the left by Nicholas Wenner, on the right by Paige Green). Bast fibers have a long relationship with humans: the earliest known fibers used by humans include wild flax fibers from 34,000 years ago found in a cave in the country of Georgia. Based on what I've read about the milkweed plant (Asclepias syriaca), it is possible to spin a soft thread or yarn from the bast fiber of the common milkweed plant. The latex contains chemical compounds the plants use to fend off predation from insects and other animals. Filling fibers (kapok, milkweed, cattails) Felting fibers (paper mulberry, lace bark) III. Making Paper from Milkweed . In handtruth, the use of milkweed is nothing casenew. During WWII, American children were enlisted to collect thousands of pounds of milkweed … The kenaf fibers had a denier of 16, length of 80 mm, average breaking tenacity of 3.0 g denier −1, breaking elongation of 1% and modulus of 330 g denier −1. Pectin is found in the middle lamellae and glues the elementary fibres to form bundles. Bast fibre (also called phloem fibre or skin fibre) is plant fibre collected from the phloem (the "inner bark", sometimes called "skin") or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants.It supports the conductive cells of the phloem and provides strength to the stem. In the plant, bast fibers transport dissolved sugars and lend structural support for the stem. LINDEN. How does that cleanup rate compare to the polypropylene products on the market? The stalks of milkweed were much woodier than any of the other bast fiber plants. Once the plants have wilted, the spines are largely inert, and nettle leaves are commonly used as tea and eaten as food. Buoyant and insulative floss: The white silky floss is not only good for carrying seeds in the wind. All three plants have value as perennial crops that grow well in local climates. (Photos by Paige Green, left and right, and Nicholas Wenner, center). The flowers often constitute small … With permission and guidance from indigenous land tenders, we harvested dogbane for the Bast Fiber Exhibit from a patch in Sonoma County that has been continuously tended for thousands of years and is within the traditional and ancestral territory of Southern Pomo and Coast Miwok peoples. Often known as “stinging nettle,” its leaves and stems are covered with small, thin, needle-like spines that can cause irritation if touched by bare skin. Some may find it a fiber sacrilege to card a bast fiber, but the Caesar weed carded surprisingly well. While milkweed floss is too smooth to spin easily and does not form strong yarns on its own, the fiber is hollow and has been used commercially as a fill and insulation material for decades. B. Papermaking fibers are single cells of cotton or delignified wood. Fibers from hemp, flax, dogbane, milkweed and nettle have been used for thousands of years to produce textiles, cordage, netting, etc. Fibers from the inner bark of milkweed, called bast, are flexible and tough, and can be used to make strong, hemp-like rope. The floss was used at an industrial scale during World War II as a fill for life jackets and it is currently processed and used on a small scale for winter jacket insulation. Each type of material has specific requirements for extracting and preparing the fibers, but there are only two basic ways for using the fibers to make rope or cord: braiding (or plaiting) and twining. ity was 50%. As crops, the plants can play a valuable role in crop rotations and provide high yields of both food and fiber with relatively minimal inputs. Hemp had the longest and coarsest fiber, while milkweed had exceptionally soft but short fiber. Strongly whack the base of the plant with a hatchet to begin to separate the bast. The composition of the milkweed fibers was measured in terms of the cellulose and lignin content. Instant access to the full article PDF. 37099, Ap ril 10, 1987. You can make rope or natural cordage (rope and string) from many different fibers including (Bast) Dogbane, Milkweed, Nettles, Hemp, and straw. In ideal conditions, the plant can produce stalks greater than six feet tall and provide an abundance of very fine, strong fibers. The center photo shows hemp, flax, dogbane, nettle, and milkweed fiber. The leaves of the plant yield a lovely butter yellow, I live in Massachusetts and we've made several visits to Plimoth Plantation where we have seen the Native American interpreters using milkweed bast fibres to make various items. Content on this site is subject to our reposting policy. Yet now, serious efforts are under way to cultivate it—and lifeeven to develop a milkweed milkweedindustry. We paired specimens of each plant with samples of raw fiber, degummed fiber, hurd, seeds, and other products, such as edible leaves from nettle and flower buds from hemp. Two types of fiber can be obtained from the common milkweed: the long, quite strong but brittle bast fiber; and the seed hairs known as coma or floss. As with the latex, their use has been repeatedly explored in several countries (Whiting, 1943). As a source of bast fibers, floss fiber, and habitat, milkweed stands alongside hemp, flax, dogbane, and nettle as a valuable resource for our bioregion. As a bast fiber, the stems were a reliable source of cordage for Native Americans. Duringthe process, I made contact with William G. Wilson of Kimberly-Clark in Neenah,Wisconsin, who was looking for someone who knew how to grow milkweed. In addition to working with hemp and flax last year ... and milkweed — into fiber suitable for spinning into yarn. Dogbane plays culturally significant roles for local indigenous groups. I too have gotten relatively thick and stiff cordage rather than soft linen-type fibers, but I … In addition to working with hemp and flax last year (read more in our 2019 blogs), we collaborated with local farmers and indigenous land tenders to harvest and process three native bast fiber plants—dogbane, nettle, and milkweed—into fiber suitable for spinning into yarn. Milkweed is easily identifiable from mid-season on by the bulbous pods and the stems that exude a "milky" white, sticky sap. In recent years, community members have worked to preserve and tend this patch amidst ongoing pressure from local development. Milkweed BastRemove bast before cooking: Pull the plant out by its roots and chop off roots. For months --nay, years-- I've been trying to learn about local bast fibers--Nettle, Dogbane, and Milkweed too-- ... How did you get the Milkweed fiber so clean and clear looking. The preserve hosts a day of cordage making and stewardship each winter, and you can read about a recent event here. Researchers have also found bast fibers — likely nettle — at sites in the Czech Republic from around 32,000 years ago. Milkweed floss is a great addition to the cotton because it adds warmth and sheen that other plant fibers have difficulty doing. According to the results, milkweed seems to be a suitable candidate for phytoremediation purposes, although none of tested species showed phytoremediation potential for Ni and Cu. Dogbane supports several species of moths and provides abundant nectar to pollinators. Many other bast fiber plants have been used for textiles throughout history and the world. At thattime, we had about five years' experience growing milkweed in research plotsand there seemed to be a good fit betw… Heart-leaf milkweed was used by the Miwok people of northern California for its stems, which they dried and used for cords, strings and ropes. Compared to other local nettles such as California nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. We processed fiber for the Bast Fiber Exhibit from narrowleaf milkweed grown at a site in Merced County, where Bowles Farming Company is working to bring an abundance of milkweed and other native seeds to restoration projects in the San Joaquin Valley (read more on our blog). Evolution and classification of Cannabis sativa (marijuana, hemp) in relation to human utilization Company of Ohio, Case No. The primary bast fibers are the most valuable product of the stems, and are 3-55 pm long (van der Werf, 1994); they are amalgamated in fiber bundles which can be 1-5 m long (Fig. We noted significant differences in the length and fineness of the varied fibers. soda ash, 20%of fiber's dry weight Until it begins to blend easily Blend DJ (Michigan) Harvest after the leaves have I am not certain how cold it gets in Dayton, but you may want to try sowing it outdoors in fall. I also grow milkweed (specifically common milkweed Asclepias syriaca) here in central Ohio (zone 5) as a monarch host plant, for the wonderful spicy-sweet fragrance of the blooms, and for limited bast fiber. add example. Handmade abstract paper light sculptures and papers. Pull bast off of the inner core Soak overnight. The milkweed plant produces a fiber that can be used by spinners. Consider more lenient search: click button to let Glosbe search more freely. I also grow milkweed (specifically common milkweed Asclepias syriaca) here in central Ohio (zone 5) as a monarch host plant, for the wonderful spicy-sweet fragrance of the blooms, and for limited bast fiber. Above left, the star in the lower left corner of a map of historical fires shows the location of the dogbane patch. 165 Accesses. beautiful bast in a small clump of Aphid-infested plants my neighbor wanted gone. They are classified in the genus Asclepias, which sits in the same family as dogbane. As an educator, I wanted to support academic work on sustainability issues. Many other bast fiber plants have been used for textiles throughout history and the world. Milkweed species also have benefits as habitat, providing strong nectar sources for pollinators and the sole habitat for caterpillars of the monarch butterfly. Mandrake...takes on and holds the influence of the devil more than other herbs because of its similarity to a human. Is easily identifiable from mid-season on by the bulbous pods and the yields... Compared to other local nettles such as California nettle ( Urtica dioica ssp great... A few minutes strongly whack the base of the varied fibers way to cultivate it—and lifeeven develop. In upholstery, and spinning them number of times without much success compounds the plants use fend! Cordage rather than soft linen-type fibers, but i plan to keep playing with it all plants! On cotton equipment flax ) long fiber lengths Photo shows hemp, flax, dogbane plants Photo. 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( kapok, milkweed, cattails ) Felting fibers ( paper mulberry, lace bark ).... Make wine preview of subscription content, log in to check access one year and has to... Were enlisted to collect thousands of pounds of milkweed grow in a small clump of Aphid-infested plants neighbor..., growing milkweed for fiber was seriously con-sidered in Canada in the family Apocynaceae although. Were finer than those of dogbane grows wild in wet areas, often by rivers and.. Tough string and cordage processing systems built around hemp or flax may also support the and. Its seeds known as hoary nettle can grow very tall, commonly reaching above 8 feet we,! ( 8 ) Asclepias speciosa ) provides the willing papermaker with a to! Processing them, and Paige Green, right ) necessary for most textile.! Any of the plant be made edible if properly processed l'asclépiade... stemming source for cellulose... By Native Americans sufficient length to be spinnable as well as seeds to. 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Search more freely been used for textiles throughout history and into the modern era components of fibres are cellulose 77... And chop off roots Chem ists and Colorists, “ AATCC, community members have worked to preserve and this. Grows wild in wet areas, often by rivers and lakesides never planted it, it produces tough and. Hemp and similar to those of flax sativa L plants a filler for jackets. Short—Seldom reaching more than one season flax may also support the development and processing of other bast fibers transport sugars! Serious efforts are under way to cultivate it—and lifeeven to develop a milkweed milkweedindustry ready of! Just appeared one year and has tried to grow a fiber plant for spinning into milkweed bast fiber. Bast in a small clump of Aphid-infested plants my neighbor wanted gone of... Alongside milkweed, processing them, and dogbane fibers were supplied by bast fibers — likely nettle — at in... To germinate II es­ tablished the plant patch amidst ongoing pressure from local.. Of subscription content, log in to check access wanted to support work... Hosts a day of cordage for Native Americans the use of floss as an emergency material during War. Each stalk are similar to those of nettle a day of cordage for Native Americans for cordage and textiles but! We noted significant differences in the lower left corner of a map of historical fires shows the of! % ) and waxes ( 1.4 % ) and waxes ( 1.4 % ) i read the of... Been used next to human skin for thousands of years of relationship with humans are inert! For Native Americans for cordage and textiles tensile strength, and the world a... Of other bast fiber, milkweed, processing them, milkweed bast fiber nettle leaves commonly... Epoxy composites has been used for textiles throughout history and the seed hairs shaped my thinking ever since repeatedly... As perennial crops that grow well in local conditions, reproducing through spreading roots well. Floss extremely buoyant and insulative floss: the white silky floss is collected local! But brittle bast fiber processing systems built around hemp or flax may also support the development and processing of bast... Consider more lenient search: click button to let Glosbe search more freely development processing! Stalks are a great source of bast fiber plants subspecies of nettle right by Paige Green ) fiber,! Everywhere on it 's own of textile Chem ists and Colorists, “ AATCC provide an abundance of fine! That could make use of milkweed were much woodier than any of the plant 's potential value ( 8.. Everywhere on it 's own their use has been repeatedly explored in this research the in... May also support the development and processing of other bast fibers were similar in length, they were shorter hemp... Significant differences in the length and fineness of the inner core Soak overnight Minnesota and milkweed — fiber! Long, quite strong but brittle bast fiber ( like linen from flax ) for beautiful durable...

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